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GMAT语法重大误区之:简洁有效性原则

责任编辑:siyang.zhang来源:互联网时间:2019-06-28 15:40:37点击:

相信很多备考GMAT的同学都听过一个答题原则就是“简洁有效性原则”,但是这究竟有没有参考价值呢?我们一起来看下分析吧!

关键词: GMAT考试GMAT备考GMAT语法

  相信很多备考GMAT的同学都听过一个答题原则就是“简洁有效性原则”,但是这究竟有没有参考价值呢?我们一起来看下分析吧!

  用词尽可能少,但不能引起争议,逻辑意思必须单一合理,实现简洁的方法有三个:

  1、 将从句简化为短语。

  2、 将短语简化为词。

  3、 使用忽略手段。

  反驳:

  例一

  Retail sales rose 0.8 of 1 percent in August, intensifying expectations that personal spending in the July–September quarter more than doubled that ofthe 1.4 percent growth rate in personal spending for the previous quarter.

  (A) that personal spending in the July–September quarter more than doubled that of

  (B) that personal spending in the July–September quarter would more than double

  (C) of personal spending in the July–September quarter, that it more than doubled

  (D) of personal spending in the July–September quarter more than doubling that of

  (E) of personal spending in the July–September quarter, that it would more than double that of

  这道题目是og的原题啊,我相信og作为官方指南不会欺骗我的。

  这里考察修饰名词expectations的时候使用介词结构还是that引导的从句。

  正确答案是B选项。

  选择了that从句的选项有没有?

  如果你以为这只是个意外,那就too naïve啦,这里啊是一个非常重要的考点:叫同位语从句考点。

  这个考点几乎是必考考点,gmac老头每次都是希望给抽象名词加上同位语从句把它的内容说的更加清楚呢。

  不懂怎么考?去看公众号菜单栏里“干货”的that引导的从句们或者molistudy的魔力方法课讲的更清楚。

  例二

  Legislation in the Canadian province of Ontario re- quires of both public and private employersthat pay be the same for jobs historically held by women as for jobs requir- ing comparable skill that areusually held by men.

  (A) that pay be the same for jobs historically held by women as for jobs requiring comparable skill that are

  (B) that pay for jobs historically held by women should be the same as for a job requiring comparable skills

  (C) to pay the same in jobs historically held by women as in jobs of comparable skill that are

  (D) to pay the same regardless of whether a job was his- torically held by women or is one demanding comparable skills

  (E) to pay as much for jobs historically held by women as for a job demanding comparable skills

  这道题目正确选项是A选项。

  选项末尾后面的修饰语活生生用的是that are usually held by men并没有用所谓更加简洁的省略了that are的选项。

  为啥嘞?因为这里只有that are可以告诉读者后面的内容修饰的是复数名词jobs, 而不是就近的名词skill。因为这里held修饰skill和jobs都从含义上太讲的通了,但是题目需要它修饰的是jobs。

  例三

  Salt deposits and moisture threaten to destroy the Mohenjo-Daro excavation in Pakistan, the site of an ancient civilizationthat flourished at the same time as the civilizationsin the Nile Delta and the river valleys of the Tigris and Euphrates.

  (A) that flourished at the same time as the civilizations

  (B) that had flourished at the same time as had the civilizations

  (C) that flourished at the same time those had

  (D) flourishing at the same time as those did

  (E) flourishing at the same time as those were

  这道题目正确答案是A选项。

  本题修饰名词civilization的修饰语从that引导的定语从句和flourishing这样的doing结构中间专门选择了that从句,原因是和doing相比作同一个名词修饰语的时候,that可以传递明确的时间概念,而doing则不能,而这个考点的考察频率高到吓人。

  希望以上的分析能够带领大家走出误区,也预祝大家都能够考取理想的GMAT成绩。

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