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GMAT写作的高分技巧:选择最恰当的语法结构

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选择合适的语法结构可以使句子意思的表达更为精确和简练。虽然语法的多样性也很重要,但选择最恰当的语法结构仍然是更为重要的考虑因素。以下原则是在考虑选择何种语法结构时可以参考的原则:

关键词: GMAT考试GMAT写作GMAT写作技巧

  选择合适的语法结构可以使句子意思的表达更为精确和简练。虽然语法的多样性也很重要,但选择最恰当的语法结构仍然是更为重要的考虑因素。以下原则是在考虑选择何种语法结构时可以参考的原则:

GMAT写作的高分技巧:选择最恰当的语法结构

  1. 一个句子的主语和谓语动词应该能够反映句子中的最重要的意思。

  例如:The situation that resulted in my grandfather's not being able to study engineering was that his father needed help on the farm。

  从意思上来分析,上面这句话需要表达的重要的概念是“grandfather's not being able to study”,而在表达这个概念时,原句用的主语是situation,谓语动词是was,不能强调需要表达的重点概念,可以改为下面这句话:

  My grandfather couldn't study engineering because his father needed help on the farm。

  2. 避免频繁使用“there be”结构。

  例如下面的句子:There were 25 cows on the farm that my grandfather had to milk every day. It was hard work for my grandfather。

  可以改为:

  My grandfather worked hard. He had to milk 25 cows on the farm every day。

  更简洁的句式为:

  My grandfather worked hard milking 25 cows daily。

  3. 把从句改为短语或单词。

  例如:Dairy cows were raised on the farm, which was located100 kilometers from the nearest university and was in an area that was remote。

  简介的表达方式为:

  The dairy farm was located in a remote area, 100 kilometers to the nearest university。

  4. 仅在需要强调宾语而不是主语的时候,才使用被动语态。

  例如:In the fall, not only did the cows have to be milked, but also the hay was mowed and stacked by my grandfather's family。

  本句不够简洁的原因是本句的重心应该是“忙碌的家庭-my grandfather's family”,而使用了被动语态後,彷佛重心变成了cows和hay。下面的表达方式是主动语态,相对来说更简洁一些:

  In the fall, my grandfather's family not only milked the cow but also mowed and stacked the hay。

  5. 用更为精确的一个动词来代替动词短语。

  例如:My grandfather didn't have time to stand around doing nothing with his school friends。

  Stand around doing nothing其实可以用一个动词来表达,即loiter:

  My grandfather didn't have time to loiter with his school friends。

  6. 有时两句话的信息经过组合完全可以用一句话来简练地表达。

  例如:Profits from the farm were not large. Sometimes they were too small to meet the expenses of running a farm. They were not sufficient to pay for a university degree。

  两句话的信息可以合并为下面这句更为简洁的句子:

  Profits from the farm were sometimes too small to meet operational expenses, let alone pay for a university degree。

  以上就是关于GMAT写作语法结构选择的介绍,希望可以给大家做一个备考参考。如果大家还想要了解更多GMAT备考资讯,欢迎关注天道教育官网GMAT培训频道。

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