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gmat写作七宗罪是什么

  • 责任编辑:ziwei.jia
  • 来源:互联网
  • 时间:2020-01-14 14:27:33

  你知道gmat写作七宗罪吗?在今天的文章中,小编除了给gmat写作备考生详细介绍外,还为大家分享一些小建议,希望能够帮助大家取得gmat写作高分!

  一、什么是gmat写作七宗罪

  gmat写作的七宗罪是指gmat驳论文Argument题目中存在的逻辑漏洞或错误,考生根据考试中常见的逻辑漏洞和考察方向把其总结为“七宗罪”,既形象又方便参加gmat考试备考的考生进行背诵。考生在备考时可以按照七宗罪中的逻辑错误类型进行有目的的查找,一方面节省了考试时间,另一方面确保找到的逻辑错误的准确,这对于拿到gmat写作高分很有帮助!

  二、gmat写作七宗罪包括哪些内容

  第一宗罪:无因果联系,是指作者给出的解释和得出的结论没有因果上的联系,或者是二者毫不相关。

  The author commits a fallacy of causal oversimplification. The line of the reasoning is that because A occurred before B, the former event is responsible for the latter. But this is fallacious reasoning unless other possible causal explanations have been considered and ruled out. For example, perhaps C is the cause of these events or perhaps B is caused by D.

  第二宗罪:样本不足,是指给出的论据或例子不充分,不足以说明某个问题,不能支撑作者得出这样的结论。

  The evidence the author provides is insufficient to support the conclusion drawn from it. One example is logically unsounded to establish a general conclusion, unless it can be shown that A1 is representative of all A. It is possible that.... In fact, in face of such limited evidence, the conclusion that B is completely unwarranted.

  第三宗罪: 错误类比,即把毫不相关的两个事物拿来作比较,并由此得出一些结论。

  The argument rests on the assumption that A is analogous to B in all respects. This assumption is weak, since although there are points of comparison between A and B, there is much dissimilarity as well. For example, A..., however, B.... Thus, it is likely much more difficult for B to do....

  第四宗罪:时地全等,主要是指没有用发展的观点看待问题,拿过去的事例和现在的作对比,并由此得出结论。

  The author commits the fallacy of “all things are equal”. The fact that happened two years ago is not a sound evidence to draw a conclusion that.... The author assumes without justification that the background conditions have remained the same at different times or at different locations. However, it is not clear in this argument whether the current conditions at AA are the same as they used to be two years ago. Thus it is impossible to conclude that..

  第五宗罪:二者择一,即限制了结论的范围,按照非此即彼的观点得出结论。

  The author assumes that AA and BB are mutually exclusive alternatives and there is no room for a middle ground. However, the author provides no reason for imposing an either-or choice. Common sense tells us that adjusting both AA and BB might produce better results.

  第六宗罪:可疑调查,指作者提供的证据是片面的或者是有限的,不能保证结论的顺利推出。

  The poll cited by the author is too vague to be informative. The claim does not indicate who conducted the poll, who responded, or when, where and how the poll was conducted. Until these questions are answered, the results of the survey are worthless as evidence for the conclusion.

  第七宗罪:结论无据,指得出的结论是毫无根据的,或者是前面的假设是不能成立的。

  The author falsely depends on gratuitous assumption that.... However, no evidence is stated in the argument to support this assumption. In fact, this is not necessarily the case. For example, it is more likely that.... Therefore, this argument is unwarranted without ruling out such possibility。

  三、如何避过七宗罪

  1、明确gmat写作思路

  gmat argument写作侧重的是考生对题干的理解和分析能力,而非是对某一问题的看法或了解程度,所以考生在备考之初要明确的写作目的,然后找到思路拓展的方向,这样才能有重点的进行方法的学习。

  在gmat写作中,如果考生无法全面的表达自己的观点或者看法,是不能取得满意的分数的。在进行gmat写作之前,先问自己一个问题:“接下来该怎么写?这些内容会对我的主题有什么帮助?这个点为什么重要?”这几个问题直接关系着文章的思路和行文布局,考生想明白这几个问题就能轻松确定文章思路,把控好文章的结构和方向。在练习的时候,请注意观点之间的衔接,不要让它被孤立,并且要注意观点或论点前后的衔接。

  2、掌握gmat写作七宗罪,论证有力

  gmat写作 Argument逻辑错误可以分为7种,分别是无因果联系、样本不足、错误类比、时地全等、二者择一、可疑调查以及结论无据等,考生在备考时可以按照七宗罪中的逻辑错误类型,有针对性的掌握应对方法,更有利于避过七宗罪!

  gmat写作七宗罪是什么?如何避免gmat写作的七宗罪?您了解了么?!对于很多考生来说,要想获得gmat写作高分,七宗罪是必须要克服的,所以,这也是准备内容的初衷,谢谢大家的阅读!

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